Supervised learning involves training a model on labeled data, so that it can learn to predict the correct labels for new data. Unsupervised learning involves training a model on unlabeled data , so that it can learn to find patterns in the data. Reinforcement learning involves training a model by providing it with feedback on its performance, so that it can learn to maximize its reward.
About this solution: The candidate's solution correctly explains the three types of machine learning. However, the candidate could provide more specific examples to illustrate each type of learning. For example, for supervised learning, the candidate could explain that a common type of supervised learning is classification, where the algorithm is given a set of labeled data (e.g. images of animals that are labeled as "cat" or "dog") and is then tasked with correctly labeling new data. For unsupervised learning, the candidate could explain that a common type of unsupervised learning is clustering, where the algorithm is given a set of data points and must group them into clusters based on similarity. For reinforcement learning, the candidate could explain that a common type of reinforcement learning is learning to play a video game, where the algorithm is given a reward for each step closer it gets to winning the game.
To predict the price of a house, we can use linear regression to learn the relationship between house size and price. Then, to predict the price of a new house, we can simply plug in the size of the house into the trained model.
About this solution: The candidate's solution is correct and demonstrates a good understanding of the problem. The linear regression model is a good choice for this problem.